The 'Gem of Orissan Architecture' is the only phrase that goes well with Mukteswara Temple. Located in Bhubaneshwar, Mukteshwara Mandir is the best temple in the capital city of Orissa. The architectural temple can be reached easily from Bhubaneshwar, which is well-connected to other cities by air, rail and road. Built in 950 A.D, Mukteswara temple is literally a dream realized in sandstone. The temple is said to be the structure, where sculpture and architecture are in synchronization with one another.
Mukteswara Mandir is dedicated to Lord Shiva, who is considered as the
most complex Lord amongst the Hindu Gods. The term 'Mukteswara' suggests
"Lord who gives freedom through Yoga" and this fact is further
empowered by the sculptural images embraced in the temple. Dedicated to
Lord Shiva in the form of Muketeswara, the entire temple is imprinted
with figures of ascetics in different poses of meditation.
Inside the complex, there are several small shrines that comprise
numerous lingams of Lord Shiva. The sculptural embellishment of the
temple boasts of the sagacity of proportion and perspective of the
artisans. It also portrays their distinctive talent in the accurate
delineation of the minutest things. One more interesting feature about
the temple is that it has got a well in its eastern part. It is believed
that a dip in this holy well cures the problem of infertility.
The structure of temple represents the transition point between the
initial and later phases of the Kalinga School of Temple Architecture.
At this juncture of time, the construction was done by combining many
elements of the old style with new designs and notions. Many
improvements were made to the old patterns and then, these changes
became the essential features of the later temples. Due to this fact,
Mukteswara came to be known as "harbinger of the new culture".
Even though, the temple spire rises only to the height of 35 feet, yet
the plethora of sculptural work makes it all the more fascinating. The
temple is not colossal in its size that became the regular feature in
the later ages. In the temple complex, the 'Jagamohana' or porch is
truly worth-mentioning. Here, diamond shaped latticed windows in the way
to sculptured doorway adorns the site. Around these latticed windows,
one can see images of monkeys engrossed in several jovial and humorous
scenes that are imbibed from the Panchatantra tales.
The exquisitely carved 'Torana' (arched doorway) captures the main
attraction with its rich decorations that suggest the influence of
Buddhism in Orissa. On the exteriors of compound wall, one can see
variety of divinities in the alcoves. Here, the image of Saraswati can
be seen in a sitting posture flanked by two female attendants. Lord
Ganesha is imprinted with his mount of mouse. Another image is of
Lakulisha, who was the founder of the Pashupata sect of tantric
On the convoluted horseshoe shaped 'chaitya' arch, there is an image of
fabled lion head with open jaws, served by attendants. Later, this type
of image was imprinted in various temples of Orissa. Mukteswara Temple
is a site of Indian Heritage and this exotic shrine attracts many
devotees & tourists to its doorway round the year.
Mukteswara Temple is a gem of Orissan architecture. Read more about the architectural Mukteshwara Mandir of Bhubaneshwar, Orissa.
|Built in:||950 A.D|
|Dedicated to:||Lord Shiva|
|Attraction:||Gem of Orissan Architecture|
|How to reach:||One can easily reach Mukteswara Temple by taking regular Buses or by hiring taxis from anywhere in Bhubaneshwar|