Baijnath Temple is a revered shrine of Himachal Pradesh. Located at a distance of 16 kms from Palampur in the Beas valley, Baijnath Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. According to the inscriptions on the walls, Baijnath Mandir was built by the two native merchants by the name of Ahuka and Manyuka in 1204 A.D. In the porch of the temple, the two long inscriptions state that before the present temple, there was a shrine of Lord Shiva at the same spot.
The structure of this temple gives the hints of the early medieval North
Indian style of architecture. This type of structure used to be known as
'Nagara' style of temple. The architectural style has been imbibed from
Orissan style, which is very much unique in the state of Himachal
Pradesh. The exterior walls of the temple have numerous alcoves with
images of gods and Goddesses from the Hindu pantheon.
In order to enter the temple, one has to cross the vestibule that has a
large 'Mandap' in the centre and two huge balconies on either side. The
temple has fortifications, leaving space for two entrances in the north
and the south. Just before the Mandapa, there is small porch placed on
four columns. Here, a huge image of Nandi (the bull of Lord Shiva) is
placed. The door leading to the sanctum is speckled with many images of
Lord Shiva is commemorated here as Vaidyanath (the Lord of Physician)
and is placed in the form of 'Lingam' (phallic form of Lord Shiva). The
main sanctum comprises five projections on every side and a tall curved
shikhar (spire). The history of Baijnath temple is inscribed on the
stone slabs inside the complex. As per the beliefs, Ravana (King of
Lanka) had worshipped Lord Shiva in this temple.
The water of this temple is believed to contain medicinal properties,
which can cure diseases of people. Due to this reason too, Baijnath
Temple receives thousands of people every year. Shivratri is the major
festival that is observed at this temple with full gusto and fervor.
Devotees visit the temple during this time to seek the blessings from
Besides the shrine of Lord Shiva, there are many other small shrines
dedicated to Gods and Goddesses. In the early 20th century, the temple
was suffered from an earthquake. Raja Sansar Chand made an effort to
renovate the temple after the calamity. The temple complex acquires lush
green gardens, which makes a perfect foreground to the ancient and
unique structure of this temple. Baijnath temple is considered as a part
of Indian Heritage, so security arrangements are made here to avoid any