Karni Mata Temple is a popular and unusual holy shrine of India. This Temple is in a small town of Deshnok, which is located at a distance of 30 kms in south of Bikaner in Rajasthan. Karni Mata Mandir is easily accessible by regular buses from Bikaner and Jodhpur. To ensure a comfortable journey, one can also opt for taxis that can be availed from anywhere in Rajasthan. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Karni, who is regarded as the incarnation of Maa Durga.
In the 14th century, Goddess Karni is said to have lived and performed
many miracles during her existence. Karni Mata was a mystic, who led a
virtuous life committed to the service of the poor and the oppressed of
all communities. The goddess is said to have laid the foundation of
Deshnoke. As per the stories, once when her youngest son drowned,
Goddess Karni asked Yama (the god of death) to bring him back to life.
Lord Yama replied that he could not return her son's life. Thus, Karni
Mata, being an incarnation of Goddess Durga, restored the life of her
son. At this point of time, she announced that her family members would
die no longer; in fact they would incarnate in the form of rats (kabas)
and ultimately, these rats would come back as the members of her family.
In Deshnok, there are around 600 families that assert to be the
descendants of Karni Mata.
The present temple dates back to the 15th century, when it was built by
Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner. The striking façade of the
temple is wholly built in marble. Inside the temple complex, one can see
a pair of silver doors before the main shrine of the Goddess. These
solid silver doors were donated by Maharaja Gaj Singh, on his visit to
In the main shrine, the image of the goddess is placed with holy things
at her feet. Surrounded by rats, Karni Mata is holding a trishul
(trident) in one of her hands. The image of Karni Mata is 75 cms tall,
decked with a mukut (crown) and a garland of flowers. On her either
side, images of her sisters are placed. Karni Mata Temple attracts
numerous tourists and pilgrims throughout the year, due to its unique
The temple has around 20,000 rats that are fed, protected and
worshipped. Many holes can be seen in the courtyard of this temple. In
the vicinity of these holes, one can see rats engaged in different
activities. The Rats can be seen here eating from huge metal bowls of
milk, sweets and grains. To make the holy rats safe, wires and grills
are sited over the courtyard to avoid the birds of prey and other
It is regarded auspicious, if a rat (kaba) runs across one's feet.
Even, a glimpse of kaba (white rat) is considered promising and
fruitful. Twice a year, a festival is celebrated in the honor of Karni
Mata. A grand fair is organized during this time and people come here to
seek the blessings of the Goddess.