Khajuraho Temples are standing testimonials of the glorious past of India. Located near Sanchi, Khajuraho Temple can be easily reached by regular buses or private taxis that are available throughout the state of Madhya Pradesh. Khajuraho is a world renowned place for its marvelous sculptural temples. The exquisiteness of these temples has made Khajuraho, to list amongst the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
The astounding beauty of Khajuraho Temples allures millions of tourists
round the year. Owing to the fact, Khajuraho is the second most visited
place after the 'Taj Mahal' in India. Khajuraho Temples illustrate the
magnificent sculptures made on the lines of aesthetic elegance. The
credible artistry of sculptors can be seen in the majestic expressions
of sculptures. The rustic setting gives the perfect situation to explore
some personal moments of life.
Khajuraho had once been the capital of Chandela Empire. As per the
revelations made by the Archeological department, the temples were built
between 950 and 1050 AD. The startling intensity of these temples was
misplaced in the dust of the times. In 1838, the temples were
re-discovered by the Britishers. Initially, the temples were 85 in
number, but only 22 could stand the ravages of the times. The murals and
sculptures embracing the walls of Khajuraho Temples serve as a portrayal
of the lifestyle and period of the Chandela rulers.
Having glimpse of Indo-Aryan architecture, Khajuraho Temples are
generally dedicated to the Hindu Gods and Jain Tirthankaras. According
to the studies, the temples and their elements depict the notion that
physical speculation is one path to attain enlightenment. The passionate
sculptures portray amorous couples in their private moments. Khajuraho
Temples are particularly known for their erotic sculptures that
undoubtedly fan the flames of physical desires of an individual.
Khajuraho Temples have a basic theme in which women is celebrated with
her countless moods and aspects. Each temple has three main compartments
that is the entrance (ardhamandapa), the assembly hall (mandapa) and the
actual sanctum (garbha griha). According to their geographical location,
the temples are divided into 3 groups, Western, Eastern and Southern.
Western Group of Temples
The western group of temples is the best and the largest group of
temples in Khajuraho. Located amidst the green fields and flowerbeds,
the temples of western group have been elaborated by the Archaeological
Survey of India. Incorporated in the World Heritage Site, these temples
embrace the most passionate and outstanding sculptures of Khajuraho.
Jagdambi Temple, Kandariya Mahadeva and Chitragupta Temples are the most
excellent specimen of sculptures in India.
In the Western group, Kandariya Mahadeo is believed to be the largest
temple. The temple has approximately 900 statues that boast about the
excellent craftsmanship of the artisans. In the sanctum, 31m high image
of Lord Shiva is awe-inspiring. Apart from the image, there is a
Shivalingam too. The walls are imprinted with images of various Gods,
Goddesses and apsaras (heavenly maidens). The main archway, pillars and
ceilings are also carved beautifully. There are three horizontal panels
on the outer walls of the transept, illustrating group of lovers and
deities from the Hindu pantheon.
Being the oldest surviving temple of the western group, Chaunsat Yogini
becomes the center of attraction. The temple is believed to have been
built in 900 AD. Dedicated to Goddess Kali, the temple had 65 cells out
of which only 35 are left. The image of Goddess Kali that used to
enshrine in the temple, sadly couldn't resist the ravages of the time.
Chitragupta Temple is an exclusive shrine, which is dedicated to Surya
(the Sun God). In the inner sanctum, a 5 feet tall image of the Sun God
riding a chariot, gathers the major attention. There are numerous images
that illustrate royal processions, group dances and other pictures of
Dedicated to Lord Brahma, Vishwanath Temple is one of the famous temples
of the western group. The northern doorway of the temple is guarded by a
series of Lions, whereas the southern steps are flanked by huge
elephants. The shrine of Nandi bull lies in the opposite direction.
Lakshamana Temple comprises a beautiful shrine dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
The shrine embraces three-headed images of Narasimha and Varaha, who are
the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. On the very entrance, the roof beam is
adorned with images of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva along with Goddess
Positioned in the outer grounds of the western group, Matangeshwara
Temple is glorified to Lord Shiva and houses eight feet tall
'Shivalingam'. In the south of the temple, there is an open-air
Archaeological Museum that displays a marvelous assortment of statues
and frescoes accumulated from the area.
Eastern Group of Temples
Situated near the village of Khajuraho, the Eastern Group of temples
consists of the renowned temples like Brahma, Vamana and Javari. The
group further includes Ghantai, Adinath and Parsvanath (Jain pilgrims)
that are located near the Khajuraho Sagar.
Amongst the temples of eastern group, Parsavanatha Temple is the largest
Jain temple. Dedicated to Lord Parsavanath, the temple is adorned with
picturesque sculptures. The northern wall of the temple is carved with
sculptures; depicting the scenes of everyday activities. One can also
trace the bull emblem of first Tirthankara, Lord Adinath.
Ghantai Temple is a Jain temple, which is famous for its astonishing
frieze. This frieze depicts the 16 dreams of Lord Mahavira's mother in
conjunction with a multi-armed Jain goddess mounted on a Garuda.
Amongst the three Jain temples, Adinath Temple is the last shrine that
is dedicated to Lord Adinath, the first Jain Tirthankara.
Amongst the Hindu temples, the Brahma temple, the Vamana temple and the
Javari temple are the renowned shrines in the eastern group.
Southern Group of Temples
The temples that fall under the southern group are located at a distance
of approximately 5 km from the Khajuraho village. Amongst the temples of
this group, Duladeo and Chaturbhuj Temples are the most famous.
Built during 1100 -1150 AD, Duladeo Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
The majestic temple lies at a distance of 1 km in the south of
Khajuraho. Duladeo temple is ornamented with corporeal images of the
apsaras (heavenly maidens).
Located at a distance of 3 kms from Khajuraho, Chaturbhuj Temple is
dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is regarded as the preserver of the world.
The temple houses an elaborately carved image of Lord Vishnu.
Khajuraho Dance Festival
A cultural festival of dance and music is organized at Khajuraho by
Madhya Pradesh Kala Parishad. At Khajuraho dance festival, eminent
classical dancers come from diverse parts of the country to show their
talent. Every year, the festival is held in the month of March for 7
The Temples at Khajuraho depict a sensuous poetry carved in stone. Explore the aesthetic Khajuraho Temple of Madhya Pradesh in India.
|Location:||Khajuraho, Chattarpur district, Madhya Pradesh|
|Built by:||Chandela Rulers|
|Built in:||During 950 - 1050 AD|
|Significance:||Listed as World Heritage Site|
|How to reach:||One can easily reach Khajuraho Temples by taking regular Buses or by hiring taxis from anywhere in Madhya Pradesh|