Mahakaleshwar Temple is a famous shrine that comprises one of the twelve major Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. Accredited as the sacred abode of Lord Shiva, Mahakaleshwar Temple is located on the banks of Rudra Sagar Lake of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. In order to reach the temple, one can take regular buses or taxis that are available throughout Madhya Pradesh. Lord Shiva is the presiding deity of time and eternally resides in the form of lingam (phallic form) at Ujjain.
The glorious temple of Mahakaleshwar has been mentioned in several
'Puranas' (scriptures) of the Hindu mythology. Many poets of Sanskrit,
including Kalidasa, have sung the praises of this temple. Lord Shiva is
synonymous with 'Mahakal' and suggests the perpetual existence of the
Almighty. As stated earlier, Mahakaleshwar is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas
of Lord Shiva in India. This Jyotirlinga is said to be 'swayambhu'
(self-manifested) that obtained its 'Shakti' (power) from within itself,
unlike other lingams that were established ritually by chanting
Mahakaleshwar is recognized as 'Dakshinamurti', since the image of the
lord faces the southern direction. This is another exclusive feature
that is traceable only in Mahakaleshwar. In the sanctum, the idol of
Omkareshwar (another form of Lord Shiva) is placed above the shrine of
Mahakaleshwar. The site is adorned by the images of Lord Ganesh, Parvati
and Kartikay, placed in the west, north and east direction respectively.
In the south, there is an image of Nandi (Lord Shiva's Cow). The third
storey comprises an idol of Nagchandreshwar (another form of Lord
Shiva), but its 'darshan' are available only on the day of Nagpanchami.
During Muslim invasions, the original temple was attacked and it was
reconstructed by the Scindias in the recent times. The spire of this
three-storied temple dominates the skyline of southern part of Ujjain.
The huge and grand structure of the temple is awe-inspiring. The curved
structure is festooned with motifs on its all sides, intensifying above
the pillared porches. The corridors' walls are garlanded with the old
statues and sculptures, whereas the courtyard comprises remnants of
ancient shrines. The floors are decked with pricked railings, while the
balconies are festooned with splendid roofs festooned in Rajput
Festivals & Rituals
According to the Hindu beliefs, Lord Shiva is considered as the
destroyer of the Universe. This belief is further enhanced by the fact
that the Lord dwells in the cremation grounds. In this temple, one
ritual includes a ceremony, where the lingam is smeared with the hot ash
that is brought from the cremation grounds. This ritual suggests the
vicious circle of life and death that is an inseparable part of the
'Mahashivratri' is the major festival that is observed in the temple
with full gusto and fervor. At this time, a grand fair is held in the
vicinity of this temple. For the whole night, prayers and worship are
offered to the Lord. This sculptural delight allures people with its
divine charisma and religious appeal from all over the World.
Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple comprises one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. Read more about Mahakaleshwar Mandir in Madhya Pradesh.
|Location:||In Ujjain, on the banks of Rudra Sagar Lake, Madhya Pradesh|
|Dedicated to:||Lord Shiva|
|Significance:||One of the twelve Jyotilingas of Shiva|
|How to reach:||One can easily reach Mahakaleshwar Temple by taking regular Buses or by hiring Taxis from anywhere in Madhya Pradesh|