Guruvayur Temple is an important and popular pilgrimage in Kerala. Located in Guruvayur town of Thrissur district, Guruvayur Temple is easily accessible by regular bus services that are available throughout the state of Kerala. The nearest airport is sited as Kochi that lies at a distance of 90 kms from Guruvayoor. Thrissur comprises the nearest railway station at a run of 29 kms from the temple.
Guruvayur Temple is supposed to have been 5,000 years old. In those
times, it was known as "Bhooloka Vaikunta" (Abode of God on
Earth). The term 'Guruvayur' is said to have been derived from two
words, 'Guru' (preceptor of the gods) and 'Vayu' (god of winds). The
temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna, who is also known by the name of
Guruvayoorappan. Due to its reverence, Guruvayur Temple is also known as
'Dakshina Dwaraka' (Southern Dwarka).
The presiding deity is Lord Krishna is the form of Maha Vishnu (Lord
Krishna is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu). The image is depicted in a
standing posture, which has four hands holding Shankh (conch),
Sudarshana Chakra (a serrated disk), Lotus and Mace. The image is
worshipped as Balakrishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is carved
out of a rare stone named Patala Anjana. The walls of the main shrine
are festooned with beautiful mural paintings and intricate carvings.
Festivals like Ulsavam, Vishu, Ashtami Rohini, Mandalam, Ekadasi,
Ashtami Rohini, Kuchela's Day, Chembai Music Festival and Narayaneeyam
day are the major occasions that observe special celebrations at
Guruvayur Temple. On special events, the sacred images are brought out
to take in a procession in Guruvayur town. At the time of festivals, the
entire is decorated with inestimable butter lamps, which truly recreates
the impression of the former age.
The Legend says that when the temple of Dwarka was submerged under the
sea, Guru and Vayu were assigned the job to discover an equally holy
place for a fresh temple. Ultimately, when they discovered the site, the
place came to be known as Guruvayur and the deity, Guruvayurappan. The
main idol is said to have got installed by Brihaspati (Guru) and Vayu,
by the blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
The oldest mention of Guruvayur is traceable in 'Kokasandesam', a
fourteenth century Tamil work. In this scripture, it is stated as
Kuruvayur. Guruvayoor has scores of references in the works of 16th
century. The temple actually got famous with Melpathur's 'Narayaniyam'.
At this abode of Lord, maximum number of marriages is observed every
The structure of the temple gives the hints of typical Kerala temple
architecture. The temple is believed to have been designed by the divine
architect, Vishwakarma. The temple is erected in such a way that Sun God
(Surya) himself pays homage to Vishnu on Vishu day. At this juncture,
the first rays of Sun descend directly at the feet of Vishnu. The main
doorway to the shrine is from the eastern side. Form the main doorway;
one can observe the idol of the Lord.
In the temple, the 'Chuttambalam' is a gold-plated 'dhwajastambham' or
flag-mast, which extends to the height of 33.5 meters. The
''dipastambham' or pillar of lamps, is another attraction that looks
fascinating when lightened in the evenings. The doorway to inner sanctum
is sited just ahead of this pillar. On two raised plinths, there are ten
beautifully carved pillars on the either side of the passage. It was
here the golden slokas of 'Narayaniyam' were written, in the praise of
Guruvayur Temple is a popular pilgrimage of the southern part of India. Read more about Guruvayoor Sri Krishna Temple of Kerala.
|Location:||Guruvayur, Thrissur District, Kerala|
|Dedicated to:||Lord Krishna|
|Significance:||An ancient temple that is considered as the southern Dwarka|
|How to reach:||One can easily reach Guruvayur Temple by taking regular Buses or by hiring Taxis from anywhere in Kerala|