Jewelry studded with different gems is quite popular among Indians. For reasons ranging from spiritual to aesthetic to health, gemstone jewelry has become the part of life of Indian women and men both. These stone jewelries are worn according to the individual's astrological chart and ruling of planet. Navaratna i.e. the combination of nine gems together, to form a necklace forms important part in the life and fashion of Indian women. These stones are believed to have extraordinary healing power.
Each gem in the mala has certain attributes of healing properties. Some
stone jewelries are believed to protect against poisonous substances and
banishe any evil spirits that hover around. The commercial importance of
gems has been increasing recently, for various reasons like their
traditional role in the life of Indians and growing consciousness among
people. It is believed that except for the emerald, all other precious
stones were mined in India. India had developed technology of gem
preparation even in early centuries of Christian era.
Diamond has been considered the best gem. It is found in at least six
colors and has connotations for six deities. According to common belief,
green is attached with Vishnu (the Preserver), white with Varuna (god of
Oceans), yellow with Indra (god of Heavens), brown with Agni (Fire god),
blue with Yama (god of Death) and copper colored with the Maruts (Storm
god). Besides the attachment of deities with each color of diamond, a
spotless diamond is considered the abode of deities. A perfect diamond
is considered to be the one that could float in water and has six
elevated tips, eight equal sides and twelve sharp edges.
Apart from being used in ornamentation, gems are believed to have
medicinal attributes too. As has traditionally been believed, the human
body is composed of the seven colors of the rainbow, associated with
seven kinds of rays. Diseases enter the body when there is a deficiency
or excess of any ray in our body. Interestingly, each color is
associated with a particular gem, which in turn is associated with a
particular planet. Astrologically, a gem is beneficial when worn in the
phase of a particular planet, as these stones also affect our health and
Stone Jewelry of India is popular for spiritual, magical and aesthetic reasons. History of Indian gemstone jewellery is quite old.