The cuisine of South India is known for its light, low calorie appetizing dishes. The traditional food of South India is mainly rice based. The cuisine is famous for its wonderful mixing of rice and lentils to prepare yummy lip smacking dosas, vadas, idlis and uttapams. South Indian dishes are not just delicious, but also very easily digestible. The best part is that South Indians do not use much of oil for cooking their meals.
Sambhar is like a must in the main course. It is usually a companion to
most of the food items then be it idli, vada or dosa. Most of the South
Indian dishes consist of sambhar, rasam, vegetable curry and pachadi
(yogurt). When it comes to rice preparations, South Indians are real
experts. Their lemon rice is savored and appreciated by almost all the
people. Other preparations of rice include coconut rice, carrot rice and
fried rice made by using coconut, curry leaves, urad dal, tamarind,
peanuts, chilies, and fenugreek seeds.
South Indian chutneys are well liked by people. Infact, chutney,
especially the one made from coconut, is the major attraction for many
people to visit a restaurant that specializes in South Indian cuisine.
The main ingredients for preparing varied chutneys are coconut, peanuts,
dal, tamarind, fenugreek seeds, and cilantro. Dals cooked in the South
Indian style are also quite different from that of North Indian
preparation. They are more soupy in comparison to the dals cooked in the
North Indian style.
The cuisine of South India is hotter than the North Indian cuisine.
South Indians do not make much use of garam Masala and other dried
spices. However, turmeric, black pepper and cardamom are an exception.
For the cuisine of South India, it can be said that it is a perfect
blend of flavor, color and taste and also takes care of the nutritional
balance. Even, the visual appeal of the South Indian dishes is quite
alluring. South Indians usually prefer drinking coffee after having
their meals. Well, coffee has become a popular beverage in the entire
country. Coconut milk is also quite common in South India.
South Indian cuisine consists of the cuisine of four states, namely
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. All the four cuisines
have lot many things in common; however, they differ in terms of the
spice content in their food preparations.
Andhra food is the spiciest and the hottest of all the South Indian
cuisines. There is a liberal use of oil, tamarind and chilli powder
(Guntur). An interesting thing is that though Hyderabad is the capital
city of Andhra Pradesh, its cuisine is absolutely distinct from that of
Popular Vegetarian Food: Pesarattu, gongura, pulihora, avakkai
(cut raw mango) pickle
Popular Non-vegetarian Food: Kodi iguru(fry), Kodi
pulusu(gravy), Chepa pulusu etc
In Karnataka, lunch is mostly served on a plantain leaf. There is a
higher percentage of vegetarians in Karnataka; therefore, their cuisine
mainly consists of vegetarian dishes. The food of Karnataka is the
mildest of all. Here, the use of chilli powder is done sparingly. They
make a liberal use of palm sugar or brown sugar. Udupi food forms part
of the cuisine of Karnataka.
Popular dishes: Ragi rotti, Akki rotti, Khara Bisi bele bath,
Kesari Bath, Vangi Bath, Saaru, Bath, Davanagere Benne Dosa, Ragi mudde,
In South Karnataka, Rava Idli, Mysore Masala Dosa and Medhu Vada are
Among the sweet dishes, Karnataka is well known for its wonderful
preparation of Mysore Pak, Dharwad pedha, Pheni, Chiroti.
Kerala cuisine mainly consists of coconut based foodstuff. Since,
Kerala is the chief exporter of coconut; therefore coconut is used
liberally over here. Kerala is a place well known for its beautiful
backwaters and thus, this place is a paradise for seafood lovers. There
is an abundance of seafood specialties.
Popular Vegetarian Food: Aviyal, olan,
Popular Non-vegetarian Food: Shrimp coconut curry, fish poriyal
The cuisine of Tamilnadu consists of plenty of mouthwatering vegetarian
and non vegetarian dishes. Tamilnadu has a lot to offer, when it comes
Popular Vegetarian Food:
thayir sadam (yogurt rice), thayir vadai, murukku, kootu, poriyal,
uthappam, appalam and papadum and thayir pachadi
Popular Non-vegetarian Food:, Chettinad pepper chicken and
karuvadu kozhumu (dried preserved fish flavored curry)