Decades come and go but what remain are the impression and great acts of the social reformers. India is privileged to have number of great souls like Dayanand Saraswati and Raja Ram Mohan Roy. They managed to bring revolutions by making radical changes in the society. Some of the reformers took up the challenges of breaking the jinx of prevailing caste-system while some fought for the introduction of girls'-education and widow remarriage. The contributions, made by these, simple yet eminent souls towards humanity are really extraordinary. Their activities and thoughts guided the nation to a new beginning.
Acharya Vinoba Bhave
Acharya Vinoba Bhave was a freedom fighter and a spiritual teacher. He
is best known as the founder of the 'Bhoodan Movement' (Gift of the
Land). The reformer had an intense concern for the deprived masses.
Vinoba Bhave had once said, "All revolutions are spiritual at the
From a child born with a silver spoon in his mouth, Baba Amte later
transformed his life into a social activist. He devoted his entire life
to serve the downtrodden people of the society. He left his lucrative
profession to join India's struggle for independence.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Biography
Dr B R Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was one of the
architects of the Indian Constitution. He was a well-known politician
and an eminent jurist. Ambedkar's efforts to eradicate the social evils
like untouchablity and caste restrictions were remarkable.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar is considered as one of the pillars of Bengal
renaissance. In other words, he managed to continue the reforms movement
that was started by Raja Rammohan Roy. Vidyasagar was a well-known
writer, intellectual and above all a staunch follower of humanity. He
brought a revolution in the education system of Bengal.
Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent social reformers of the
nineteenth century India. He led the movement against the prevailing
caste-restrictions in India. He revolted against the domination of the
Brahmins and for the rights of peasants and other low-caste fellow.
Teresa was a true follower of humanity. Many people considered Mother as
the "reincarnated form of Lord Jesus". Mother Teresa devoted
her entire life in serving the needy and abandoned people of the
society. Although her mission started in India, she succeeded in
bringing the people of all societies under one roof, i.e. humanity.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is considered as the pioneer of modern Indian
Renaissance for the remarkable reforms he brought in the 18th century
India. Among his efforts, the abolition of the sati-pratha-a practice in
which the widow was compelled to sacrifice herself on the funeral pyre
of her husband-was the prominent.
Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a popular saint of India. He had a
strong faith in the existence of god. He regarded every woman of the
society, including his wife, Sarada, as holy mother. Swami Vivekananda
was one of the prominent disciples of Ramakrishna, who later formed the
King Shahu Chhatrapati was considered as a true democrat and social
reformer. He was an invaluable gem in the history of Kolhapur. Shahu was
associated with many progressive activities in the society including
education for women. He was greatly influenced by the contributions of
social reformer Jyotiba Phule.
Dayanand Saraswati was a reformer and believed in pragmatism. He
preached against many rituals of the Hindu religion such as
idol-worship, caste by birth, animal sacrifices and restrictions of
women from reading Vedas. He was not only a great scholar and
philosopher but also a social reformer and a political thinker.
Swami Vivekananda is known for his inspiring speech at the Parliament
of the World's Religions at Chicago on 11 September, 1893, where he
introduced Hindu philosophy to the west. But this was not the only
contribution of the saint. He revealed the true foundations of India's
unity as a nation. He taught how a nation with such a vast diversity can
be bound together by a feeling of humanity and brother-hood.
Read the biographies and profiles of famous Indian Social Reformers who brought radical changes in the society. Know more about Social Reformers of India in the following lines.