Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji is credited with starting the Sikh religion. He was the first Guru of the Sikhs and is worshipped next to God. His sole aim in life was to unify the Hindus and Muslims and form a universal religion of brotherhood and compassion. He believed that true salvation could be achieved only by devotion of thought and excellence of conduct. In the contemporary world, Sikhism is spread far and wide in not just India but also America, Africa, Europe, etc. The life history of Guru Nanak Dev is very motivational and inspiring. We give you a short biography of Guru Nanak Dev.
Born in a middle class family on April 15th, 1469, Guru Nanak was born
in a village called Talwandi, situated in what is the present day
Pakistan. The place is now known as Nankana Sahib and is located 40
miles from Lahore. His father was an accountant named Kaluchand and his
mother's name was Tripta Devi. When he was born, an astrologer
prophesized that he would grow up to be a spiritual leader and was
blessed by God. He would attain much fame and glory and would be
worshipped by one and all. When he was five years old, Guru Nanak spoke
in detail about God and his spiritual existence much to the surprise of
others. By the time he was fifteen, he had mastered Hindi, Persian,
Punjabi and Sanskrit. But one thing that stood out was his unquestioned
love for God.
His way of life started to worry his father who decided to teach him
some business. Once, he gave Nanak Rs. 20 and told him to start a
business in Lahore. While on his way to Lahore, he met some meditating
sadhus who had not eaten for days. He spent the amount to give them
food. Upon his returning back, his father asked what he had done with
the money. He said he had done his true duty and told him that he fed
hungry souls. Next, he was sent to a grain shop to work. He spent his
entire earnings on the poor and deprived and never kept anything for
himself. He got married when he was 18 years. But he left his domestic
life for a higher calling and to quench his thirst for spiritual
He preached that God was omnipresent and did not adhere to any kind of
ritualism or worship patterns. He led a life of purity and clarity and
believed that the attainment of enlightenment would relieve one from the
cycle of birth and death. He visited many places to preach and spread
his knowledge, which includes Burma, Iraq, Tibet and Sri Lanka. Guru
Nanak composed a set of poems known as "Japji" that is recited
as the Morning Prayer. It forms the first chapter of Guru Granth Sahib,
the holy book of the Sikhs. These thoughts and poems inspire many till
date and are considered the epitome of good living.
The life history of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji is truly inspirational. Read the biography of Guru Nanak Dev here.