At present Buddhism is one of the major world religions. The philosophy of Buddhism is based on the teachings of Lord Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama (563 and 483 BC), a royal prince of Kapilvastu, India. After originating in India, Buddhism spread throughout the Central Asia, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Southeast Asia, as well as the East Asian countries of China, Mongolia, Korea, Japan and Vietnam. Buddhism owes its origin to the socio-economic conditions prevailing in India at that point of time.
The founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautama was a prince of the Sakya
tribe. At the age of twenty nine he left the comforts of his home to
seek answer to the cause of human sufferings. Gautama became the
enlightened one, the Buddha, after wandering and meditation for six
years. On the full moon of May, with the rising of the morning star,
Siddhartha attained knowledge at Bodh Gaya. Gautama Buddha delivered his
first sermon at Sarnath, near Varanasi. To preach his religion, Buddha
wandered in the North East India for about 40 odd years. His hard work
bore fruit and a community or Sangha of monks and nuns developed around
him. The Sangha pursued practice and propagation of Buddhism.
The fundamental principle of Buddhism is to follow the middle path.
Buddhism teaches its followers to perform good and wholesome actions and
to purify and train the mind. These practices are aimed at ending the
suffering of cyclic existence. Buddhist emphasizes the principles of
harmlessness and moderation. Buddhism does believe in the existence of
supernatural beings but it does not ascribe the power for creation,
salvation or judgment to them. Buddhism believes that the supernatural
beings have the power to affect only worldly events.
Four Noble Truths Of Buddhism