Cave paintings of India date back to the prehistoric times. The finest examples of these paintings comprise of the murals of Ajanta, Ellora, Bagh, Sittanavasal, etc, which reflect an emphasis on naturalism. Ancient cave paintings of India serve as a window to our ancestors, who used to inhabit these caves. In the following lines, we have provided more information on the ancient Indian rock paintings:
Ajanta caves are located at a distance of approximately 100 km from the
city of Aurangabad. Most of the paintings seen in the Ajanta Caves, date
back to the period of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. The themes of most
of these paintings revolve around the life and teachings of Lord Buddha.
This includes the Jataka stories related to the various lives and
incarnations of Buddha. Calligraphic lines characterize these paintings,
which can be classified into portraits, narrative illustrations and
Ellora caves are nestled amidst the Chamadari Hills, lying
approximately 18 miles to the northeast of Aurangabad city. Paintings
can be found in five caves. However, all of them are today preserved
only in the Kailasa temple. The rock paintings of Ellora were painted in
two different series. The first series, which were done when the caves
were carved, revolve around Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. The second
series, painted centuries later, illustrate procession of Shaiva holy
men, Apsaras, etc.
Bagh caves, situated on the banks of the Bagh River, have been
excavated on the rock face of a lofty hill. The wall paintings of these
caves date back to period between 5th and 7th century. These paintings
represent the mast exquisite traditions of Indian art form.
Sittanavasal is the site of an ancient Jain Monastery, located at a
distance of around 58 km from Trichy. The monastery is known for housing
some of the most exquisite frescoes in a rock cave. Most of these cave
paintings are based on the Pandyan period of the 9th century. The themes
of these paintings include animals, fish, ducks, people collecting
lotuses from a pond, two dancing figures, etc. Apart from that, one can
also find inscriptions dating back to the 9th and 10th century. The
ceiling of the Ardhamandapam is adorned with murals from the 7th
The most popular ancient cave paintings of India are those at Ajanta & Ellora. Check out Indian rock painting.