Satish Gujral is one of the greatest as well as the most versatile artists of the Indian subcontinent. He is known for making some of the most exquisite paintings, graphics, murals and sculptures, apart from indulging in architecture and interior designing. In order to know the complete biography and life history of Satish Gujaral, read the following lines:
Satish Gujral was born in the year 1925 in the pre-partition West
Punjab. At the tender age of eight, an illness fatally impaired his
hearing. In 1939, Satish joined the Mayo School of Art in Lahore to
study Applied Arts. In 1944, he moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) and took
admission in the Sir J.J. School of Art. During his stay at the college,
which lasted from 1944 to 1947, he came into contact with the
Progressive Artists Group. However, he found it difficult to agree with
their techniques and started looking for a kind of modernism, with its
roots in the Indian traditions.
In 1947, a recurring sickness forced Satish Gujral to drop out of J.J.
School of Art. He left for Mexico in the year 1952, on a scholarship,
for an apprenticeship with Diego Rivera and David Sequeiros. There, his
work got heavily influenced by the suffering of the people who lost
their homes and families because of the partition of the country.
Slowly, Satish started diversifying his sculptural materials with
machined industrialized objects in steel, copper, glass, etc and even
tried junk sculptures.
Since the late 1980s, the paintings and sculptures of Satish Gujaral
have shown a greater expansion, both in terms of materials as well as
content. He started making large murals, mostly in mosaic and ceramic
tiles. Later, machined steel elements overtook the tiles. Satish
Gujral's sculptures in burnt wood come across as visceral exposure of
human and other forms. The period of 1952 to 1974 saw Satish Gujral
organizing solo shows of his sculptures, paintings and graphics in
Mexico, New York, New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Montreal, Rome, Berlin,
Tokyo, Buenos Aires and Stockholm.
Satish Gujral has received the following awards in recognition of his
vital contribution in the field of art: