The Charminar in Hyderabad was constructed in 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. He built the Charminar to mark the end of plague in the Hyderabad city. Since the construction of the Charminar, the Hyderabad city has almost become synonymous with the monument. The Charminar is a massive and impressive structure with four minarets. In the evening, with illumination, the great Charminar looks even greater. With the passage of time the Charminar occupied so much importance that it became the heart of all bustling activities. It is in the bustling bazaars around the Charminar that you find the traditional nahari stalls and kulchas of Hyderabad. Hyderabad is one of those few cities, which have a fine blend of modernity and tradition.
The Charminar has four imposing arches, which face the four main
directions. A row of small vaulted niches ornament each of the four
arches. The Char Minar is a two-storied building with the first floor
being covered. The balconies on this floor provide a great view of the
surrounding areas. A small mosque adorns the top floor of the Charminar.
This mosque is situated on the western side of the Charminar facing
Mecca, the holy city of the Muslims. This mosque is said to be the
oldest surviving mosque in Hyderabad city. Charminar, the hub of
Hyderabad city, has four wide roads going in each direction. The
Charminar is square in shape, each side measuring 100 feet, with a
central pointed high arch at the center.
The four minarets of the Charminar dominate the landscape of the
region. The minarets, their domed finials rising from their lotus-leaves
cushion, rise to 180 feet from the ground. The whole structure contains
various small and ornamental arches arranged in vertical and horizontal
fashion. The cornice on the first floor upholds a series of six arches
and capitals on each portico, rising to the double-story gallery of the
minarets. The projected canopy, decorative brackets and decoration in
stucco plaster add graceful elegance to the Charminar. On the upper
courtyard, a screen of arches topped by a row of square jalis or water
screens provides a delicate charm to the muscular look of the Charminar.