Mathura is an important place of Hindu pilgrimage. Mathura is also known as the Brajbhoomi - the land where Lord Krishna was born and spent his youth. Mathura is located on the banks of River Yamuna. It was transformed into a place of great reverence after Lord Krishna was born here. Mathura is located about 58 km north-west of Agra. At present the Brajbhoomi is divided into two separate units- the trans-Yamuna tract (eastern side) with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and Bajna and the western side of the Yamuna covering the Mathura region that encompasses Brindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon.
It is said the Shri Krishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was born as
the eighth son of the Yadava prince, Vasudev and his wife Devaki. To
save him from the murderous intentions of his maternal Uncle Kansa (the
ruler of Mathura), the infant Krishna was spirited away soon after birth
to Gokul, the village of the gopas (cowherds) in Braj (their
pastureland). It was at Braj that Krishna grew into manhood, in the
tender care of his foster parents Nand and Yashoda and cowherds. Lord
Krishna is also known for his precepts to Arjun in the battle of
Kurukshetra. In this battle Krishna revealed to the world the ultimate
truths of life.
is characterized by picturesque Ghats, arched gateways and temple spires
extending along the right bank of the River Yamuna. In ancient times
Mathura was very strategically located. Mathura's strategic location at
the cross roads of various trade routes ensured its position as a centre
of trade and a meeting point for varied cultures. By the fifth century
BC Mathura was a major metropolis and the capital of the Surasena
Kingdom, one of the 16 Mahajanapadas. During the Kushana period Mathura
became famous for the Mathura School of sculpture.
Mathura is an important place of Hindu pilgrimage. Mathura is also known as the Brajbhoomi.