India is a land of great political leaders who ruled the country effectively and also by protecting its national interest. It was not an easy task to accomplish, keeping in view the changes taking place in the world political scenario. Leaders like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi Bose played an indispensable role in changing the perspective of world towards India. The manner, in which issues like border disputes, Kashmir and growing shortage of food grains were handled, they really deserve an honor. The far-sightedness and pragmatic characteristics of the leaders can be assumed from the fact that they framed the Constitution of India by inducting the best possible clauses of the world. They led the country from the front, without being showing any inclination to either of the power blocs. To know more about the political leaders of India, read the brief biography of the Indian political leaders.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a social reformer and freedom fighter. He was
one of the prime architects of modern India and strongest advocates of
Swaraj (Self Rule). He was universally recognized as the "Father of
Bhagat Singh was among the prominent revolutionaries who shaped the
base of a grand national movement. Following his execution, on March 23,
1931, the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a "Shaheed", "martyr".
A contemporary of Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad was a born firebrand
revolutionary. He engaged in a heroic battle against the British. His
role was crucial in inspiring the others of his generation to
participate in the national movement for freedom.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the pioneers of the Indian
Independence Movement. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian
National Congress. He was one of the most learned men in the country, a
leader of social and political reformists and one of the earliest and
founding leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Indira Gandhi was, undoubtedly, one of the greatest political leaders
of India. She was the first and only woman to be elected as the Prime
Minister. She is also regarded as the most controversial political
leader of the country for her unprecedented decision of imposing "a
state of emergency".
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. He
was a member the Congress Party that led the freedom movement against
British Empire. Nehru was one of the architects who had the opportunity
to steer the newly freed-nation. He was also the chief framer of
domestic and international policies between 1947 and 1964.
Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai immensely contributed in attaining independence the
nation. He helped in establishing few schools in the country. He also
initiated the foundation of Punjab National Bank. In 1897, he founded
the Hindu Orphan Relief Movement to keep the Christian missions from
securing custody of these children.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
He devoted his life for the pride and honor of the country. Shastri was
regarded as man of principles. Lal Bahadur Shastri offered his
resignation as Union Railway Minister; hours after he was made aware of
a train accident that killed around 150 people.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Abul Kalam Azad was a renowned journalist of his time. Disturbed by his
provocative articles, the British Government decided to deport him off
Calcutta. Despite of his house-arrest and imprisonment, Maulana Abul
Kalam Azad continued to write against the anti-people policies of the
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a freedom fighter of India. He was the
founder of the Indian National Army. During pre-independence period
Netaji had visited London to discuss the future of India, with the
members of the Labor party.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Rajendra Prasad was a great leader of the Indian Nationalist Movement
and also one of the architects of the Indian Constitution. He was
elected as the first President of Republic of India. Rajendra Prasad was
a crucial leader of the Indian Independence Movement, who left his
lucrative profession to participate in the nationalist movement of
Rajiv Gandhi was one of the popular Prime Ministers of India. The
developmental projects launched by him include the national education
policy and expansion of telecom sector. Besides his achievement and
subsequent popularity, Rajiv Gandhi also emerged as one of India's
controversial Prime Ministers.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the great social leaders of India. He
played a crucial role during the freedom struggle of India and was
instrumental in the integration of over 500 princely states into the
Indian Union. Despite the choice of the people, on the request of
Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel stepped down from the candidacy of Congress
Sarojini Naidu was truly one of the gems of the 20th century India. She
was known by the sobriquet "The Nightingale of India". Her
contribution was not confined to the fields of politics only but she was
also a renowned poet. The play "Maher Muneer", written by
Naidu at an early age, fetched a scholarship to study abroad.