Indian Carpets
Indian Gems Jewellery
Indian Glassware
Indian Pottery
Indian Textiles
Leather Crafts India
Metal Work India
Banarasi Saree
Cane Furniture of India
Chikankari
Kanjeevaram Saree
Zardozi in India
Antique Jewelry
Bead Jewelry
Beaded Earrings
Brass Boxes
Brass Rings
Bridal Jewelry
Card Stock Paper
Ceramic Tiles
Clay Toys
Clock Compass
Copper Boxes
Copper Rings
Cotton Coverlet
Cotton Saris
Crochet Coverlet
Fashion Jewelry
Filigree Jewelry
Glass Armlets
Gold jewelry
Granite Stone Boxes
Jute Anklets
Jadau Jewelry
Ivory Jewelry
Ivory Anklets
Horn Rings
Handmade Jewelry
Granite Utensils
Obsidian
Nautical Weathervanes
Nautical Barographs
Mulberry Paper
Marble Utensils
Marble Boxes
Mango Paper
Magnetic Compass
Liquid Compass
Lac Armlets
Kundan Jewelry
Jute Table Mats
Jute Paper
Navigational Compass
Paper Notebooks
Paper Toys
Pine Table
Plastic Anklets
Plastic Armlets
Plastic Bangles
Plastic Rings
Plastic Table Mats
Pocket Compass
Porthole Clocks
Porthole Frames
Bullock Cart Toys
Quilted Coverlet
Rattlers
Rose Wood Boxes
Rosewood Table
Sand Stone Utensils
Sandstone Boxes
Saw Dust Toys
Shell Armlets
Shells Anklet
Shisham Boxes
Shisham Table
Silk Shawls
Silver Jewelry
Straw Paper
Surveyor Compass
Tapa Paper
Tapestry Coverlets
Teak Wood Boxes
Teak Wood Kitchen Ware
Teak Wood Tables
Terracotta Armlets
Terracotta Bangles
Sundial Compass
Stainless Steel Armlets
Soap Stone Utensils
Soapstone Boxes
Silver Pendants
White Metal Armlets
Wheel Compass
Washi Paper
Terracotta Tiles
Woven Coverlets
Wooden Rings
Wooden Chairs
Wooden Bangles
Wooden Armlets
Wooden Anklets
Wooden Almirah
Wood Hopper Bird Feeders


Gems and jewelry manufacturing is one of the oldest Indian crafts. Gems and Jewelry traditions in India goes back to ancient times.


Gems & Jewelry Craft In India

Gems JewelleryIn ancient times people made jewelry out of natural materials like seeds, feathers, leaves, berries, fruits, flowers, animal bones, claws and teeth. A glimpse of this tradition can still be seen in the tribal societies. In India the ornaments are made practically for every part of the body. The early people made jewelry not only for humans but also for the gods and decorating animals like elephants and horses, on special occasions.

The fact that Jewelry tradition in India is thousands years old is proved by the description of Shakuntala's jewelry by the great poet Kalidasa. It is interesting to note that both men and women of ancient times wore jewelry made of gold, silver, copper, ivory and precious and semi-precious stones. We find the description of jewelry in the great epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata and also in the code of Manu that defines various duties of the goldsmith. As a result of this old tradition India has been a leading exporter of gemstones and manufactured jewelry.

In India the ornaments are made virtually for every part of the body. The craft of jewelry was enjoyed royal patronage since ancient times. The rajas and maharajas rivaled each other to possess the most exquisite and the most magnificent pieces of jewelry. Jewelry in India fulfils many purposes and wearing it has several connotations. At the most obvious level, it is a form of adornment satisfying one's natural desire to beautify oneself. Nevertheless, jewelry also serves as an identity marker, as security, and as symbol of social contracts. For Hindus, jewelry is associated with many of their religious ceremonies.

Different regions of India have their own jewelry making styles that are unique to them. In states like Orissa and Andhra Pradesh fine filigree work is done in silver. Jaipur is famous for the art of enameling or meenakari. Nagercoil is renowned for its temple jewelry whereas kundan is a trade mark of Delhi. A wide variety of silver beads are found all over India, especially in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.

In filigree work, patterns of leaves, flowers, butterflies, birds and geometrical shapes are made with silver wires of different thickness. Meenakari and kundan styles of jewelry making are greatly influenced by the Mughals and are generally used in combination to make jewelry that can be worn on both sides such as chokers and necklaces. The temple jewelry of Nagercoil consists of conventional gold ornaments studded with red and green semi-precious stones. These were used as offerings to the Gods and hence the name- temple jewelry.